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jamesmarshall202012

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How big data and poker bots blur the line between humans and machines

Gambling gave a significant impetus to the development of modern science and stimulated the emergence of the theory of relativity. This is what mathematician Adam Kucharsky says in his book Ideal Bet: How Science and Mathematics rob gambling of the power of chance. The famous researcher describes: dice helped develop some popular mathematical theories. Recalls that the first laptop was created to covertly determine the trajectory of the roulette ball and draws the attention of readers that the development of poker bots expands the horizons for scientists.

Indeed, modern scientists studying and developing the theory of relativity owe a lot to gamblers. Until the early 16th century, luck wasn’t quantified. The situation was changed by the famous gambler and professor of medicine Gerolamo Cardano, who for the first time introduced the concept of probability space to society. An avid dice gamer calculated that there are only 36 variants of dice falling out. He also determined the equal probability of any position appearing. 


Unexpected discovery


An interesting story happened to a famous scientist. Richard Feynman was not an avid gambler, but he was eager to study gambling from a mathematical point of view. One day, a researcher went to Las Vegas to play craps. Richard knew the casino had a higher probability of winning than the player, but he hoped to do without large financial losses. Luck bypassed mathematics. During the first run, Richard lost a fairly large sum and refused further experiments.

The scientist decided to talk to the staff and soon learned about the local legend - the extremely successful player Nika Greke. Surprised by the success of the lucky man, the scientist hastened to ask about the methods of the game. It turned out that Nick knew about the small chances of the players to win. Therefore, he put side-bets against visitors, used the superstitions of the gamblers. The case showed Feynman that knowledge of information inaccessible to others can provide a significant advantage. 


Accident or ignorance?


The famous scientist Henri Poincaré investigated various gambling addictions in the early 1900s. Through research, the researcher concluded that the observer is able to predict any possible event. Only the lack of completeness of the data constantly interferes with doing this. The mathematician liked to say: "The uncertainty of an event is a consequence of ignorance, and not a matter of chance."


Computer against roulette


Roulette attracts gamblersс how says https://thebestcanadiancasinos.com/, avid researchers, adherents of the theory of probability. Gambling heroes Thorpe and Shannon tried to figure out the sequence of falling numbers and came to an unexpected conclusion. Usually, in the study of a mysterious game, scientists use statistical data, make assumptions based on a huge number of spins. Young geniuses considered the ball as a physical object and compared its trajectory with a similar model of the motion of planets in space.

The theory looked quite workable, but one major problem remained. The calculation had to be done in mind without interrupting the game, which is almost impossible. Thorpe and Shannon developed and tested in the garage the first laptop capable of reading the trajectory of a ball and predicting its behavior. The innovators successfully tested the device at London's Ritz Casino, winning over a million pounds in an evening. 


Poker bots and the future


Poker is a very attractive discipline for the scientific world. Chess, checkers, Go and similar games are easy to calculate. Variables are available, there are a limited number of possible moves: some lead to win, others to defeat. Poker bots have been around for a long time and easily beat people. Poker is built on completely different rules. Players only guess about the cards of their opponents. It is necessary to calculate the possibilities based on the changing situation and the behavior of opponents. It is believed that the ability to read the opponent's emotions plays a major role, and card counting helps to strengthen the result.

It is difficult to create a robot that takes into account all parameters. However, programmers are advancing in this direction with astonishing speed. Recently, a development team showed a program that predicts horse winnings in a race. The accuracy of the design surprised avid skeptics. When the creators were asked what parameters are used for calculations, the answer surprised the gambling community. The basic data was laid down at the beginning of development. The bot independently ran millions of race results, compared the numbers, and determined the weight of the parameters. As a result, only the machine knows the calculation formula.

Similar schemes work in modern poker designs. The efficiency of the machines grows, the code becomes more complex. As a consequence, progress in the fields of mathematics, physics and programming is taking place by leaps and bounds. Gambling, like a mighty locomotive, pushes humanity forward to incredible discoveries and new horizons.

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