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Toyota Corolla

Toyota Corolla (Japan, 2001-2008)

Toyota > Corolla > Gen.9 [E120, E130]
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History and Development

The Corolla E120 is the ninth generation of the Toyota model that was released in 2001. The new car featured sharper styling lines and superior technology so it could be apt to enter the new millennium (21st century). In Southeast Asia the E120 and E130 series Corolla is commercialized as the Corolla Altis.   This car is supposed to satisfy several market categories, as it is built in so diverse trim levels that range from easily affordable to premium versions, thus being considered a “global”, versatile and popular car. In 2005, 30 million copies of the Corolla had been built. Toyota completely ceased worldwide production of the ninth generation Corolla in 2008.



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Engine and Transmission

The Corolla E120 and E130 are built either with a 1.4-liter gasoline or a 2.2-liter diesel front engine, based on front-wheel drive. Naturally aspirated engines could produce a minimum of 95 hp up to a maximum of 189 hp. The turbocharged engines produced from 89 to 114 hp. And the supercharged “Compressor” variant could deliver up to 215 hp. 5- and 6-speed manual and 4-speed automatic transmissions could be built on the ninth generation Corollas.



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Chassis

Unitary steel frame.   Platform
  Suspension Strut front and torsion beam rear suspension.   Steering Rack-and-pinion.   Brakes Front disc and rear drum brakes.



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Body and Design

The sharp-styled 9th generation Corolla was offered as 3- and 5-door hatchbacks, 4-door sedans, 5-door vans and 5-door station wagons.



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Toyota


In 1933, with the help of the Japanese government stimulation, Kiichiro Toyoda decided to create an automobile division from its already established company of automatic looms and electric sewing machines. Their first production automobile, the Toyota Model AA, starts in 1936 and in the following year Kiichiro finally inaugurates Toyota Motor Company as an independent company.

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