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Jaguar E-Type

Jaguar E-Type (United Kingdom, 1961-1967)

Jaguar > E-Type > Gen.1 [Series 1]
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History and Development

 

This model had already been conceived around 1956, which is five years previous to its release date, mainly as a substitute for the D-Type. In 1961, the innovative Jaguar E-Type is born to soon become a legend amongst sports cars. It debuted at the Geneva Motor Show from that year.   The idea behind its creation was the merger, for as much as possible, between aerodynamics and advanced performance technology, driven by a powerful engine. The result should be a rather sleek and fast car, with the best possible handling. On the other side, general complaints about this first E-Type include a somewhat limited cabin and poor interior ventilation.

 



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Engine and Transmission

The first E-Type came with a front, longitudinally mounted engine, naturally aspired and with a 3.8L displacement. This would be enlarged to 4.2L in 1964. This rear-wheel drive model produces 265 hp and reaches a top speed of 150 mi/h (242 km/h), in the standard version. But a ‘Lighweight Low Drag Coupe’ version could produce up to 344hp and reach the 170 mi/h (274 km/h). Transmission is based on a 4-speed manual gearbox.



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Chassis

Made of a central steel monocoque and a tubular front subframe.   Platform
  Suspension Independent front suspension includes wishbones, torsion bars, telescopic dampers and an anti-roll bar. The rear suspension is built with lower wishbones, upper driveshaft links, radius arms, coil springs over dampers and an anti-roll bar too.   Steering Rack-and-pinion steering.   Brakes Servo-assisted all-wheels disc brakes, including inboard mounted rear discs brakes.



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Body and Design

When launched at the Geneva Show, the 2-door E-Type came available in both a Fixed Head Coupe and a Roadster/convertible. This grand tourer coupé featured a characteristic long bonnet that would be quite responsible for the subsequent outburst of an automobile style trend. Anyway, a few years after its release, a lengthened 2+2 version of the E-Type was also released.   The man who designed this unusual model, notable for its extremely large nose (bonnet), was Malcom Sayer, an aerodynamic engineer.



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The original Jaguar car factory opened its doors in 1922, under the name Swallow Sidecar Company, when motorcycle enthusiasts William Lyons and William Walmsley gathered to create a new automobile brand, specialized in sidecars, which would be sited in Blackpool, UK. High performance and luxury were the most desired qualities for their products. In 1928, the company was relocated to the city of Coventry and in 1934 its...  more

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