Alpine was a carmaker focused on racing and sports automobiles. It was founded in 1955 by Jean Rédélé that was a pilot and a Renault dealer in Dieppe, France. From the work done in his garage, the first Alpine car was born, the A106, based on the Renault 4CV chassis. Alpine models achieved great success in rallies and by 1968 it was supported by the entire Renault’s competition budget. In the beginning of the 1970s Alpine spent the its budget on the development of a replacement for the A110, but the debut timing couldn’t be worse. With the petrol crisis in 1973, the search for sports cars was very low. Renault took over Alpine in the following year. Alpine cars kept being produced until Renault decided to abandon Alpine badge in 1994. The last model produced was the A610. The Alpine factory in Dieppe is now used to produce Renault models.